India is country of festival and Chhath Puja is one of them celebrated in Bihar and certain regions of Uttar Pradesh and Nepal with prosperity. Chhath even predate the ancient Vedas texts, as the Rigveda contains hymns worshiping the Sun god and describes similar rituals. For Bihar Bhai doj is not the end of Diwali but on 6th day according to the Hindi festival.
The pujan starts when sum rises and people do fasting and taking dips into the holy waters of Ganga. Many people don’t know Chhath Puja is also a stringent one that encourages frugality and abstinence from food and water. If you are unaware of what is Chhath Puja? Why it is celebrated then don’t worry! I will clear all your doubt and tell you importance of this festival in India.
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Origin of Chhath Puja
If we look into the History then origin of this pujan is still undefined, As per Hindu mythology there are two stories that has remarked origin of Chhath Puja 2017. They are as follows
1) Ramayana – Descendant of the Sun god, some say Lord Rama has a lot to do with the inception of Chhath Puja. On returning to Ayodhya after long exile to 14 years, Lord Rama and Sita has fasted in honour of the Sun god and broke it only at the break of dawn next day. This is one of the ritual that subsequently evolved into the Chhath Puja.
2) Mahabharata – However Prominent mythological character Karna is said to be the child of Sun god and Kunti. It is said that Karna religiously offered his prayers while standing in the water and distributed prasad among the needy.
You will not believe some story mentions how Draupadi and the Pandavas performed a similar puja to win their kingdom back.
Significance of Chhath Puja in india
This Pujan nvolves cleaning of houses so it also has roots in science as it helps the human body get rid of toxicity. Taking dips in water and exposing oneself to the Sun increases the flow of solar bio-electricity that improves the overall functionality of the human body. Some also believe that Chhath Puja helps eliminate harmful bacteria and viruses from the body.
How Chhath puja is Celebrated All Rituals
Day 1: Naha Kha/ Nahaye Khaye
First day of Chhath, People do not consume food before taking a bath, after that they prepare food items like chane ki daal, kheer, kaddu ki sabzi among others.
Day 2: Kharna
They are very serious about this pujan so people fast till the Kharna puja concludes. After which a combination of jaggery-laden kheer and puris is offered to the gods and distributed among those who’d observed the fast.
Day 3: Pehla Arghya
The toughest and third day of Chhath has people mostly women–observe a rigid fast where they neither consume water nor food. Dedicated to Sun god’s consort, Chhathi Maiya this day is marked with folk songs and taking dips in the holy waters of Ganga, Kosi and Karnali–that go on till the sun sets.
Day 4: Doosra Arghya/ Paaran
Finally the fasting audience break their long fast after offering prayers to the rising Sun.
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